Ubuntu安装最新版nginx

众所周知,Ubuntu 上官方源的更新速度一直是慢得令人发指的,很多人不得不自己编译 nginx,非常麻烦。

所以。我们直接用nginx官方源来安装。

增加源地址:

sudo vim /etc/apt/sources.list    

增加nginx官方源地址:

deb http://nginx.org/packages/mainline/ubuntu/ xenial nginx
deb-src http://nginx.org/packages/mainline/ubuntu/ xenial nginx

导入key

cd
wget http://nginx.org/keys/nginx_signing.key
sudo apt-key add nginx_signing.key

卸载旧版本

sudo apt remove nginx nginx-common nginx-full nginx-core

安装官方最新版

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

开启服务和设置开启启动

sudo systemctl enable nginx
sudo systemctl start nginx

查看下状态:

systemctl status nginx

设置执行进程的用户账户

打开 /etc/nginx/nginx.conf 文件,发现第一行就是进程用户:nginx

这里改成www-data

搞定

修改Nginx 全局配置

http {
    include            mime.types;
    default_type       application/octet-stream;
    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;
    charset            UTF-8;
    sendfile           on;
    tcp_nopush         on;
    tcp_nodelay        on;
    keepalive_timeout  60;
    gzip               on;
    gzip_vary          on;
    gzip_comp_level    6;
    gzip_buffers       16 8k;
    gzip_min_length    1000;
    gzip_proxied       any;
    gzip_disable       "msie6";
    gzip_http_version  1.0;
    gzip_types         text/plain text/css application/json application/x-javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript application/javascript image/svg+xml;
   include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
}

站点配置模板

server {
    listen               443 ssl http2 fastopen=3 reuseport;
    # 如果你使用了 Cloudflare 的 HTTP/2 + SPDY 补丁,记得加上 spdy
    # listen               443 ssl http2 spdy fastopen=3 reuseport;
    server_name          www.imququ.com imququ.com;
    server_tokens        off;
    include              /home/jerry/www/nginx_conf/ip.blacklist;
    # https://imququ.com/post/certificate-transparency.html#toc-2
    ssl_ct               on;
    ssl_ct_static_scts   /home/jerry/www/scts;
    # 中间证书 + 站点证书
    ssl_certificate      /home/jerry/www/ssl/chained.pem;
    # 创建 CSR 文件时用的密钥
    ssl_certificate_key  /home/jerry/www/ssl/domain.key;
    # openssl dhparam -out dhparams.pem 2048
    # https://weakdh.org/sysadmin.html
    ssl_dhparam          /home/jerry/www/ssl/dhparams.pem;
    # https://github.com/cloudflare/sslconfig/blob/master/conf
    ssl_ciphers                EECDH+CHACHA20:EECDH+CHACHA20-draft:EECDH+AES128:RSA+AES128:EECDH+AES256:RSA+AES256:EECDH+3DES:RSA+3DES:!MD5;
    # 如果启用了 RSA + ECDSA 双证书,Cipher Suite 可以参考以下配置:
    # ssl_ciphers              EECDH+CHACHA20:EECDH+CHACHA20-draft:EECDH+ECDSA+AES128:EECDH+aRSA+AES128:RSA+AES128:EECDH+ECDSA+AES256:EECDH+aRSA+AES256:RSA+AES256:EECDH+ECDSA+3DES:EECDH+aRSA+3DES:RSA+3DES:!MD5;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;
    ssl_protocols              TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
    ssl_session_cache          shared:SSL:50m;
    ssl_session_timeout        1d;
    ssl_session_tickets        on;
    # openssl rand 48 > session_ticket.key
    # 单机部署可以不指定 ssl_session_ticket_key
    ssl_session_ticket_key     /home/jerry/www/ssl/session_ticket.key;
    ssl_stapling               on;
    ssl_stapling_verify        on;
    # 根证书 + 中间证书
    # https://imququ.com/post/why-can-not-turn-on-ocsp-stapling.html
    ssl_trusted_certificate    /home/jerry/www/ssl/full_chained.pem;
    resolver                   114.114.114.114 valid=300s;
    resolver_timeout           10s;
    access_log                 /home/jerry/www/nginx_log/imququ_com.log;
    if ($request_method !~ ^(GET|HEAD|POST|OPTIONS)$ ) {
        return           444;
    }
    if ($host != 'imququ.com' ) {
        rewrite          ^/(.*)$  https://imququ.com/$1 permanent;
    }
    location ~* (robots\.txt|favicon\.ico|crossdomain\.xml|google4c90d18e696bdcf8\.html|BingSiteAuth\.xml)$ {
        root             /home/jerry/www/imququ.com/www/static;
        expires          1d;
    }
    location ^~ /static/uploads/ {
        root             /home/jerry/www/imququ.com/www;
        add_header       Access-Control-Allow-Origin *;
        set              $expires_time max;
        valid_referers   blocked none server_names *.qgy18.com *.inoreader.com feedly.com *.feedly.com www.udpwork.com theoldreader.com digg.com *.feiworks.com *.newszeit.com r.mail.qq.com yuedu.163.com *.w3ctech.com;
        if ($invalid_referer) {
            set          $expires_time -1;
            return       403;
        }
        expires          $expires_time;
    }
    location ^~ /static/ {
        root             /home/jerry/www/imququ.com/www;
        add_header       Access-Control-Allow-Origin *;
        expires          max;
    }
    location ^~ /admin/ {
        proxy_http_version       1.1;
        add_header               Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains; preload";
        # DENY 将完全不允许页面被嵌套,可能会导致一些异常。如果遇到这样的问题,建议改成 SAMEORIGIN
        # https://imququ.com/post/web-security-and-response-header.html#toc-1
        add_header               X-Frame-Options DENY;
        add_header               X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
        proxy_set_header         X-Via            QingDao.Aliyun;
        proxy_set_header         Connection       "";
        proxy_set_header         Host             imququ.com;
        proxy_set_header         X-Real_IP        $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header         X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_pass               http://127.0.0.1:9095;
    }
    location / {
        proxy_http_version       1.1;
        add_header               Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000; includeSubDomains; preload";
        add_header               X-Frame-Options deny;
        add_header               X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
        add_header               Content-Security-Policy "default-src 'none'; script-src 'unsafe-inline' 'unsafe-eval' blob: https:; img-src data: https: http://ip.qgy18.com; style-src 'unsafe-inline' https:; child-src https:; connect-src 'self' https://translate.googleapis.com; frame-src https://disqus.com https://www.slideshare.net";
        add_header               Public-Key-Pins 'pin-sha256="YLh1dUR9y6Kja30RrAn7JKnbQG/uEtLMkBgFF2Fuihg="; pin-sha256="aef6IF2UF6jNEwA2pNmP7kpgT6NFSdt7Tqf5HzaIGWI="; max-age=2592000; includeSubDomains';
        add_header               Cache-Control no-cache;
        proxy_ignore_headers     Set-Cookie;
        proxy_hide_header        Vary;
        proxy_hide_header        X-Powered-By;
        proxy_set_header         X-Via            QingDao.Aliyun;
        proxy_set_header         Connection       "";
        proxy_set_header         Host             imququ.com;
        proxy_set_header         X-Real_IP        $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header         X-Forwarded-For  $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_pass               http://127.0.0.1:9095;
    }
}
server {
    server_name       www.imququ.com imququ.com;
    server_tokens     off;
    access_log        /dev/null;
    if ($request_method !~ ^(GET|HEAD|POST)$ ) {
        return        444;
    }
    location ^~ /.well-known/acme-challenge/ {
        alias         /home/jerry/www/challenges/;
        try_files     $uri =404;
    }
    location / {
        rewrite       ^/(.*)$ https://imququ.com/$1 permanent;
    }
}

以上配置来自于 imququ的 本博客 Nginx 配置之完整篇

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