Linux 命令行下下载 Google Drive/Docs

转载自 https://onebox.site/archives/250.html

说到如何在Linux命令行下下载Google网盘(云端硬盘)的文件,第一个想到的应该是gdriveprasmussen/gdrive),这个脚本可以下载、上传、同步等功能,当然需要事先命令gdrive about关联网盘,显然适合自己使用。

如果说要下载别人分享的文件呢?直接wget命令会多次跳转,可能会导致下载失败。找到个脚本(circulosmeos/gdown.pl)可以实现正常下载。

获取 gdown.pl 脚本

项目地址在GitHub:https://github.com/circulosmeos/gdown.pl

环境需求:

  • wget
  • perl

获取脚本:

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/circulosmeos/gdown.pl/master/gdown.pl
chmod +x gdown.pl

注意事项:

获取脚本后根据perlPATH可能需要修改gdown.pl文件的第一行,脚本第一行以下:

#!/usr/local/bin/perl

而我系统环境使用命令whereis perl显示:

perl: /usr/bin/perl /etc/perl /usr/share/perl /usr/share/man/man1/perl.1.gz

gdown.pl文件的第一行,我修改为:

#!/usr/bin/perl

我这里通过修改脚本,或者也可以通过修改系统的环境变量。

如何使用 gdown.pl 脚本下载

如何使用:

./gdown.pl 'Gdrive 文件地址' ['保存的文件名']

例如我要下载https://docs.google.com/uc?id=0B3X9GlR6EmbnQ0FtZmJJUXEyRTA&export=download,文件存为gdrive,可以使用如下命令:

./gdown.pl 'https://docs.google.com/uc?id=0B3X9GlR6EmbnQ0FtZmJJUXEyRTA&export=download' gdrive

gdown.pl

完整的脚本(v1.1 by circulosmeos 01-2017):

#!/usr/local/bin/perl
#
# Google Drive direct download of big files
# ./gdown.pl 'gdrive file url' ['desired file name']
#
# v1.0 by circulosmeos 04-2014.
# v1.1 by circulosmeos 01-2017.
# http://circulosmeos.wordpress.com/2014/04/12/google-drive-direct-download-of-big-files
# Distributed under GPL 3 (http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.html)
#
use strict;

my $TEMP='gdown.cookie.temp';
my $COMMAND;
my $confirm;
my $check;
sub execute_command();

my $URL=shift;
die "\n./gdown.pl 'gdrive file url' [desired file name]\n\n" if $URL eq '';

my $FILENAME=shift;
$FILENAME='gdown' if $FILENAME eq '';

if ($URL=~m#^https?://drive.google.com/file/d/([^/]+)#) {
    $URL="https://docs.google.com/uc?id=$1&export=download";
}

execute_command();

while (-s $FILENAME < 100000) { # only if the file isn't the download yet
    open fFILENAME, '<', $FILENAME;
    $check=0;
    foreach (<fFILENAME>) {
        if (/href="(\/uc\?export=download[^"]+)/) {
            $URL='https://docs.google.com'.$1;
            $URL=~s/&/&/g;
            $confirm='';
            $check=1;
            last;
        }
        if (/confirm=([^;&]+)/) {
            $confirm=$1;
            $check=1;
            last;
        }
        if (/"downloadUrl":"([^"]+)/) {
            $URL=$1;
            $URL=~s/\\u003d/=/g;
            $URL=~s/\\u0026/&/g;
            $confirm='';
            $check=1;
            last;
        }
    }
    close fFILENAME;
    die "Couldn't download the file :-(\n" if ($check==0);
    $URL=~s/confirm=([^;&]+)/confirm=$confirm/ if $confirm ne '';

    execute_command();
}

unlink $TEMP;

sub execute_command() {
    $COMMAND="wget --no-check-certificate --load-cookie $TEMP --save-cookie $TEMP \"$URL\"";
    $COMMAND.=" -O \"$FILENAME\"" if $FILENAME ne '';
    `$COMMAND`;
    return 1;
}

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